Argentina e-invoicing
Summary

Standard VAT rate: 21%
E-Invoicing: live
Real-time reporting: mandatory
Digital service tax: no

Compliance and rates

VAT number format

Argentinian VAT number contains 11 digits (i.e. 01-23456789-0)

VAT rates

The standard VAT rate in Argentina is 21%, with reduced rates of 10.5%, 2.5% on certain goods and services, and higher rate of 27% on some supplies as well. There is also one exception on exportations, when 0% of VAT is calculating.

27% (Higher) – telecommunications and energy (water, gas, electricity)

21% (Standard) – applies to all taxable supplies, with certain exceptions

10.5% (Reduced) – some existential foodstuffs such as milk, bread, fruits, vegetables and meat.

2.5% (Reduced) – imported printables such as newspappers or books

0% (Zero) – applicable only for exportations

VAT payments and returns

All businesses with Argentinian VAT number must submit periodic VAT reports and payments.

VAT Returns frequency

For all companies that operate in Argentina, VAT returns must be submitted on a monthly basis, between the 12th and 22nd of the month following the period end.

Penalties in case of late filings or misdeclarations

In case of the late filing of VAT returns and payments, the Argentinian government prescribed the penalties as follows:

  • the penalty for failing to pay VAT varies between 50% and 100% of the VAT due
  • in case of fraudulent practices, there are fines from 2 to 10 times the unpaid taxes, but in some cases, imprisonments as well.

Invoice requirements

Due to the electronic invoicing system, all electronic invoices must contain at least the following:

  • supplier/issuer data (name, address, tax number CUIT, income registration tax number)
  • customer data (name, address, tax number CUIT, income registration tax number)
  • unique, sequential invoice number (12 digits)
  • start date of activities
  • CESP Number – Public Services Electronic Code
  • Expiration date of the CESP, preceded by the legend “Date of Vto.”
  • date of issuance
  • location of issuance (city name)
  • The serial number of the digital certificate
  • authorization number (the one provided by the Local Tax Authorities)
  • the authorization year
  • full description of goods and services provided – quantity, price per unit
  • the net, taxable value of the invoice
  • rate and amount of VAT applicable for the category of goods and services provided
  • the invoice total, gross value of the invoice

E-Invoicing

From April 2019, the Argentinian Tax Authority (Administración Federal de Ingresos Públicos – AFIP) introduced mandatory electronic invoicing for all companies in all categories, including those that pay single tax.

All invoices must be issued electronically and reported to Argentinian Tax Authorities in real-time before it is sent to the end customer.

Real-time reporting

Real-time reporting to Argentinian Tax Authorities (Administración Federal de Ingresos Públicos – AFIP) is mandatory for all taxable persons in Argentina.

How does it work?

  1. The seller sends an XML file with all required information about the transaction to Argentinian Tax Authorities (AFIP)
  2. AFIP validates the authenticity of the invoice, adding Electronic Authorization Code (CAE) and expiration date and send it back to the seller
  3. The seller generates the PDF send it together with XML to the buyer.

Turnkey invoice compliance.

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